Nabeel Akhtar Farooqui is a Web / Graphic / Print media designer. This is my experimental blog, I will be sharing some of my favourite work here from around the world of graphic design including my own work.
- [Tyler points a gun into the Narrator's mouth]
- Narrator: [voiceover] People are always asking me if I know Tyler Durden.
- Tyler Durden: Three minutes. This is it - ground zero. Would you like to say a few words to mark the occasion?
- Narrator: ...i... ann... iinn... ff... nnyin...
- Narrator: [voiceover] With a gun barrel between your teeth, you speak only in vowels.
- [Tyler removes the gun from the Narrator's mouth]
- Narrator: I can't think of anything.
- Narrator: [voiceover] For a second I totally forgot about Tyler's whole controlled demolition thing and I wonder how clean that gun is.
Typography traces its origins to the first punches and dies used to make seals and currency in ancient times. The typographical principle, that is the creation of a complete text by reusing identical characters, was first realized in the Phaistos Disc, an enigmatic Minoan print item from Crete, Greece, which dates between 1850 and 1600 BC. It has been put forward that Roman lead pipe inscriptions were created by movable type printing, but this view has been recently dismissed by the German typographer Herbert Brekle.
The essential criterion of type identity was met by medieval print artifacts such as the Latin Pruefening Abbey inscription of 1119 that was created by the same technique as the Phaistos disc. In the northern Italian town of Cividale, there is a Venetian silver retable from ca. 1200, which was printed with individual letter punches. The same printing technique can apparently be found in 10th to 12th century Byzantine staurotheca and lipsanotheca. Individual letter tiles where the words are formed by assembling single letter tiles in the desired order were reasonably widespread in medieval Northern Europe.
Modern movable type, along with the mechanical printing press, was invented in mid-15th century Europe by the German goldsmith Johannes Gutenberg. His type pieces from a lead-based alloy suited printing purposes so well that the alloy is still used today. Gutenberg developed specialized techniques for casting and combining cheap copies of letterpunches in the vast quantities required to print multiple copies of texts; this technical breakthrough became instrumental for the success of the almost instantly starting Printing Revolution.